The Acne Crisis

Jan 16, 2018 | Skin 101 | 0 comments

What Is Acne?

Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is an inflammatory skin disease. It occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. The blockage and oil build up becomes infected with bacteria, causing spots and pimples on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and even upper arms. Though acne commonly affects people in their teenage years (during puberty), some individuals can experience acne in their adult years.

There are six different types of acne:

  • Whiteheads are closed and clogged pores.
  • Blackheads are open clogged pores.
  • Papules are small, red, and tender bumps.
  • Pimples, or pustules, are papules with pus at the tips.
  • Nodules are large, solid, and painful lumps formed beneath the surface of the skin.
  • Cystic lesions are painful, pus-filled lumps formed beneath the surface of the skin.

The Results of Acne

If not treated properly, acne can result in scars. Acne scars are caused by the abnormal healing of the dermal inflammation. It can occur from any type of acne. The most common type of acne scar is the atrophic acne scar, also known as the ice-pick scar, boxcar scar, and rolling scar. This scar is caused by a loss of collagen during the healing process. The less common type of acne scar is the hypertrophic scar, which is the excess of collagen during the healing process – this is not to be confused with keloid scars.

Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is also a result of acne, particularly nodular acne lesions. These lesions leave behind a darkened mark after the original acne lesion has resolved. Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation can be prevented by merely avoiding any aggravation of the nodule. It fades with time, but can be permanent if deeper layers of the skin are affected.

The Causes of Acne

A clear identification on what causes acne has not been found. However, there are a number of contributing factors that have been proven to encourage acne development.

1. Hormones

One of the main contributing factors of acne is the hormone androgen. A rise in androgen levels cause the oil glands under the skin to grow. Enlarged oil glands will produce more sebum, which in turn breaks down cellular walls in the pores and promote bacteria growth.

People with certain medical conditions that causes a high-androgen state will be more prone to acne. An increase in androgen levels also occur during pregnancy.

2. Genes

Certain individuals may be predisposed to acne because of genetics.

3. Bacteria and Infections

The anaerobic bacterial species, propionibacterium acnes, may be a contributing cause to the development of acne. As stated above, the presence of bacteria in a clogged pore will cause acne.

4. Diet

Certain studies have shown that certain foods, such as dairy and carbohydrate-rich foods, may worsen acne. Chocolate and salt are also suspects in triggering acne. However, more research needs to be done to fully understand dietary triggers.

5. Medication

Medication that contains certain ingredients can trigger and worsen pre-existing acne.

6. Stress

As stress affects the hormones in the body, it is a known cause to trigger acne.

Our Available Treatments

At BeauLife, we have a series of treatments and procedures that can help treat acne and reduce the appearance of acne scars and pigmentation. These are some of our popular treatments:

1. Medication

We provide oral medication to reduce the size of the sebaceous gland, which in turn reduces the production of sebum – sebum is the culprit in the formation of acne. Our experienced doctors will prescribe antibiotics according to the type of infection that causes the acne formation. Topical antibiotic and keratolytic agent is also available to improve the results.

2. Medical Grade Facial

At Beaulife, we provide a full range of in-house medispa medical grade facial for our acne patients. Our medical grade facial is incomparable to the facial you will receive from a beauty salon, as we emphasize on the asepsis technique to clear up pores and pustular acne. We also apply a medicated solution at the end of the treatment, to ensure that we antiseptic the acne area appropriately.

3. BeauLife Dermaceutical Skin & Aesthetic Care Products

We are very proud to present our Clarity Series, from our in-house Beaulife Dermaceutical Range. This specially formulated skin care range is dermatologically tested and proven, to deliver a home care system for patients to enjoy medical grade skin care on a daily basis. Clarity Series is also used in our in-house medispa – during our medical grade facial. There are currently 5 products in this series – the cleanser, lotion, moisturiser, sunblock, and spot corrector.

4. Laser Treatment

The laser treatment uses the ND:YAG laser to precisely target and treat acne. With the application of a carbon layer on the skin, the treatment can incorporate a carbon peel for acne prone patients. This laser treatment is safe, fast, effective, and has no downtime.

e. LED Photomodulation Therapy

LED photomodulation therapy penetrates deep into the skin to accelerate healing and rejuvenate the skin. This non-invasive and safe procedure helps to heal wounds, by increasing the production of elastin and collagen in the skin. At the same time, it kills the bacteria that causes acne formation.

f. Mesobotox/ Mesotherapy

Mesobotox is a painless procedure using microinjections to administer a customised solution to the upper and middle layers of the skin. This is to reduce the sebum production as well as reduce pore size.

g. Intralesional Steroid Injection

Intralesional steroid injection involves the injection of corticosteroid into a lesion with a fine needle. It is able to treat acne cysts, and the results can be seen within 24 to 48 hours.

Consult Our Doctors

To learn more about a treatment that best suits your skin condition, book a consultation session with our doctors. Our trained and certified doctors have the knowledge and experience to perform the procedures that will reap you the best results. So stop living in shame, and start living free today!

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